The 6 Types of Dysgraphia
With Dyslexic Dysgraphia a person’s spontaneously written work is illegible, copied work is pretty good, and spelling is bad. Finger tapping speed (a method for identifying fine motor problems) is normal. A Dyslexic Dysgraphic does not necessarily have Dyslexia. Dyslexia and Dysgraphia appear to be unrelated but often can occur together.
Motor Dysgraphia is due to deficient fine motor skills, poor dexterity, poor muscle tone, and/or unspecified motor clumsiness. Generally, written work is poor to illegible, even if copied by sight from another document. Letter formation may be acceptable in very short samples of writing, but this requires extreme effort, an unreasonable amount of time to accomplish and cannot be sustained for a significant length of time. Writing is often slanted due to holding a pen or pencil incorrectly. Spelling skills are not impaired.
Spatial Dysgraphia is due to a defect in the understanding of space. This person has illegible spontaneously written work, illegible copied work, but normal spelling and normal finger tapping speed. Students with Spatial Dysgraphia often have trouble keeping their writing on the lines and difficulty with spacing between words.
Phonological Dysgraphia is characterized by writing and spelling disturbances in which the spelling of unfamiliar words, non-words, and phonetically irregular words is impaired. Individuals with Phonological Dysgraphia are also unable to hold phonemes in memory and blend them in their appropriate sequence to produce the target word.
Lexical Dysgraphia is evidenced when a person can spell but relies on standard sound-to-letter patterns with misspelling of irregular words. This is more common in languages such as English and French which are less phonetic than a language such as Spanish. This type of Dysgraphia is very rare in children. Some children may have more than one type of Dysgraphia. Symptoms, in actuality, may vary in presentation from what is listed here.
The Trickiest Type of Dysgraphia
is when a person has difficulty transferring their thoughts and ideas from their mind onto paper. This can be especially frustrating because they may have clear and well-developed ideas in their mind, but struggle to translate those ideas onto paper in a clear and organized way.
This type of Dysgraphia is the one we help students with.
Dysgraphia and the US Public School System
It is often thought that continued handwriting practice will improve a Dysgraphic student’s ability to use paper and pencil alone as a useful tool to complete all their written schoolwork. In cases of Dysgraphia, “practice does not make perfect.” Also, as these students get older and written demands continue to increase each year, it is very common for these students to often write the minimum just to “get by” and their attitude about school and themselves can be negatively impacted to a significant degree. Read more
9/5/2021 09:50:03 am
I’m a dyslexic and dysgraphic adult (age 58) who self-remediated for the handwriting issues at age 24. (I’m now 58.) Since one of those handwriting issues involved reading cursive (or, rather, NOT a being able to read it), I wonder if you know anyone who would be interested in my recent resource READ CURSIVE FAST (National Autism Resources, 2021), which I wrote specifically as a resource to ensure that students can _read_ cursive reliably and fluently. (READ CURSIVE FAST can be used with any student who reads print, so it can be used to provide students with direct instruction and practice in reading cursive even before they are expected to learn to write cursive too.
7/14/2022 05:57:35 pm
Thank you for this Information. I've struggled all threw school as a child it wasn't until my 8th grade year I was diagnosed. As a Adult I still struggle with forming sentences and grammar in emails. It is very hard for me to find the correct words to use in a sentence.
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LEXIA LEARNERS LOUNGE
Jess Arce is a homeschool mom of four, a tutor for children & adults who struggle with Dyslexia & Dysgraphia and an all around entrepreneur. She is passionate about helping others understand dyslexia.